Cluster computing is basically a collection of multiple computers, storage devices and other hardware, which is represented as a single system. This means that, although there are multiple systems available, it appears as one single system to the outer world. These systems are normally connected to each other trough a very fast Local Area Network(LAN). Each computer in the cluster runs its own independent operating system.

Cluster Computing

This can be used to archive great performance and availability, as compared to a single computer. Although using multiple computers and other hardware seems very expensive, but is much more cost effective as compared to a single system of equivalent performance.

The basic concept is to get high computing power and reliability out of multiple low cost systems.

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